Контрольное задание №2 для заочников


Контрольное задание № 2
Вариант №1
Переведите текст письменно на русский язык.
Tomorrow’s transport
What will cities of the future look like? Town planners are thinking of new methods of construction and transportation.
The moving pavement is one possibility. It consists of several strips moving along at different speeds. These escalators are moving in both directions along all streets. On reaching his destination the passengers step over the slower strip and there to firma. (неподвижная земля)
For convenience these moving pavements may be supplied with chairs, benches, vending machines selling soft drinks, ice-cream, candy and so on.
The first lines of such moving pavements should appear in the streets, which have the heaviest traffic and are the most dangerous for pedestrians. In the beginning they will replace the older forms of city traffic only in certain streets, but then they will appear in a single system serving the centre of the city. Buses, trolley-buses and motor-cars will be forced out as the trams are forced out of the centre of many cities now.
What will the car of the future be like? It probably won’t be red. Our response to colours isn’t always the same. If you want people to stop when they see a car in front of them, yellow is probably the best. When you go for a drive in the car of tomorrow you will certainly know more about the road in front of you. Your car radio will tell you about the next corner before you can see it. It will pick this up from a wire under the road. When you stop quickly, the light that tells the man behind you to be careful will spread across the car. At the same time a bag in front of you will fill up with air to stop you hitting your head on the window. What will the car of the future run on? Not petrol, which is dirty and noisy. In future we’ll probably have electric cars. As a rule the electric car can only make a short journey before going back to the garage. Or steam cars. That too would be quiet and clean. But in England there is a farmer who has invented a car that runs on manure (навоз) and he drives to London in it every week.
Trains of the future. What about long-distance travel? Consider the “tube-train” suspended and propelled by compressed air. It many carry passengers on trips at 350 miles an hour. This idea is materialized in a 12-foot long model of a strange new aluminum torpedo train. The full-size train will run through an 18 foot-diameter metal tube, while big propellers pump the air from the front to the rear. A tube system has many advantages: a tube train makes little noise; the tube can be suspended, buried (зд. подземный) or even run through buildings; maintenance cost of this train will be low and passengers will be protected from bad weather.

Упражнение 1. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.
When/ Australia/ discover?
Don’t go in there now a new programme/record.
When you go through customs, your luggage may/check/by a customs officer
This book/write/before the author became famous.
This article/ be/ often /refer to.
There’s somebody behind us. I think/we/follow.
In the United States, elections for President/hold/every four years.
We were driving along quite fast but we/overtake/by lost of other cars.
This house is quite old. It /build/in 1930.
There’s no need to leave a tip. Service /include/in the bill.
Упражнение 2.Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.
The researchers are conducting the tests of new devices in the laboratory now.
The tests of new devices are being conducted by the researches now.
The students have made experiments successfully.
We have been learning English for 2 years already.
The tools are made of steel.
Упражнение 3.Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором – к группе Perfect, в третьем – к группе Perfect Continuous, и в четвертом ряду – к группе Simple.
I
was resulted in
will result in
are being resulted in
has been resulted in
resulted in
am resulting in
had resulted in
were resulting in

II
shall do
had done
shall have been done
was being done
will have done
do has been doing
is doing

III
have been carried out,
will have carried out,
are carrying out,
carries out,
has carried out,
will have been carrying out,
were carrying out,
had been carrying out
IV
was making
have made
makes was being made
is made
had been made
has been making
shall be made
Упражнение 4. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемые с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

The smaller the computers, the faster it can work.
He had to work much before he was able to complete research.
No traffic was allowed along the street because of the accident.
The new words should be repeated as often as possible.
In the foreseeable future we may have long-term orbital stations and laboratories with researchers.
Упражнение 5. Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.
Cross the street carefully______ want to be run over.
A unless you don’t
B if you don’t
C if you didn’t
I could ______ the exam if I had worked harder during the year.
A have been passed
B pass
C have passed
Can you explain why you ______ this mistake again?
A do
B haveC have made
Give him a good mark to ______ his self-respect.
A raise
B rise
C get down
______ There any news in your parents letter?
A are
B were
C is
Вариант №2
Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.
London’s Underground.
Bands were playing and the gentlemen in hats were preparing to make speeches about their great achievement. They made the first underground railway in the world – a distance of almost four miles.
It was the year 1863 and on that first historic day 30.000 Londoners used this new and strange way of travel. Now more than a hundred years later the London Underground carries more than a million passengers every day. The total number of passengers carried by the London Underground each year is enormous, and it is constantly growing.
In the early days the train were driven by steam locomotives which burnt coal.
It is said that the train staff and porters asked permission to grow beards and moustaches – as an early form of smog mask.
Now the atmosphere “underground” is considered even better than that outside as germs cannot grow in the dry air – and the trains, of course, are electric.
The deep tunneling came later, in 1890. Tunneling a tube through miles of clay and sometimes sand and gravel is not an easy task, and it was James Henry Greathead who developed the method which was to make most of London’s tube tunnels possible.
London transport’s experience with tunnels brought them another record. One of the longest continuous railway tunnels in the world is the 17 ½ miles tunnel on the Northern line.
There are numerous escalators which help to keep the traffic moving. The first was installed in 1911. One of them at Leicester Square is over 80 feet in length. On long escalators the speed is changeable. The “up” escalator runs at full speed when carrying passengers, but when empty it runs at half speed. Many of the new escalators have automatic control making more frequent service throughout the day possible. Safety was always one of the main concerns of London transport. In spite of the fact that trains often follow each other within seconds, it is said that the London Underground is the safest form of transport in the world.
Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.
1. What / silver / use for?
2. By four o’clock Nick / to be tired / of fishing.
3. The passes through the mountains / often block / with snow during the winter.
4. It was impossible to tell what was in the can, for the label / tear off.
5. My brother / send/ on a business trip. Now he is preparing for the departure.
6 . A tree was lying across the road. It / blow down/ in the storm.
7. – Are you going to the party?
- No, I / not invite.
8. It’s a big factory. Five hundred people / employ/ there.
9. The letter / post/ a week ago and it arrived yesterday.
10. While I was on holiday, my camera / steal/ from my hotel room.
Упражнение 2.
Выберите глагол в предложении, определите его время и залог.
26
We shall refer to these data in the next article.
These data will be referred to in the next article.
They had finished the experiment by 5 o'clock.
The experiment had been finished by 5 o'clock.
The new production line is being built at our plant.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, третьем - к группе Perfect Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.

I
1. was analyzed
2. will analyze
3. are being analyzed
4. has been analyzed
5. analyzed6. am analyzing
7. had analyzed
8. were analyzing
II
1. shall heat
2. had heated
3. shall have been heated
4. was being heated
5. will have heated
6. heat7. has been heating
8. is heating
111
1. have been transformed
2. are transforming
3. transforms4. will have transformed
5. has transformed
6. will have been transforming
7. were transforming
8. had been transforming
IV
1. was testing
2. have tested
3. tests4. was being testing
5. had been tested
6. is tested
7. has been testing
8. shall be testeУпражнение 4.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.
1. They must have referred to the figures above.
2. These machines should be handled with great care.
3. Old machinery is to be replaced next month.
4. The students were unable to do the work without their teacher's help. He had to help them.
5. We could have driven to the city in two hours if we hadn't stopped for lunch.
Упражнение 5.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.
Should he come here, I ______ to him.
A will speak
B spoke
C would have spoken
2. If you ______ the doctor’s advice, you wouldn’t have fallen ill.
A had taken
B took
C will take

I ______ do the work today, I have plenty of time.
A have not
B need not
C cannot
What ______ he do for a living?
A does
B is
C areThey ______ started selling the product in Hungary next year.
A going to
B are going
C are going to
Вариант№3
Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.
WHAT COUNTS IS THE GENUINE
Today when we consider design we no longer think just about attractive things but about their attractive use, their meaning. And meaning is alive: it moves and changes with the times.
In the eighties design developed into the mere aesthetics of appearance. Objects were like computer graphics. They consisted solely of infinitesimally thin surfaces. These objects boasted with their owners.
Now a new quality of substance has come on the scene: virtuality. Things used to be simpler. Substance was material. To take an example, a brief history of the modern era can be gleaned from looking at the design of knobs on equipment. In the sixties pressing a knob on a radio set meant exerting physical force against mechanical resistance. For the first time something like a feeling of tenderness for machines appeared in the form of smooth, scalable knobs. In the eighties control knobs became sentimental replicas of real knobs. They were flat, tiny and soft. Now, in the nineties, we mainly operate virtual knobs, like the buttons beneath the glass skin of computer screens.
We are closer to things, especially machines, than ever before and at the same time more distant than ever. Remoteness is the sentiment of the times. We experience nearness as reality, of course; but it is cast in a peculiar paleness. It is not the senses that liberate us but dreams. We have a new aesthetics of appearance (virtuality). This new aesthetics transforms the worthlessness of superficiality into a central value. On the computer screen superficiality is all there is. It is the essence.
Today status is no longer conferred by the mere possession of things but by the way things are used. In an information society status and self-assurance are not derived from clothing or the power of computers but from the efficiency with

which one can navigate and make oneself be understood in a sea of information: communication, in a nutshell. In the nineties work as such has also become a status symbol.
Aesthetics now follows the development of shapes that allow people to live leisurely in a fast-moving world.
Our Western culture suffers from a lack of mystery. The creation of virtual reality has brought some of that mystery back. The unknown has returned. And it is not imaginary. This unknown consists of the absolute opposite of mystery, namely information.
Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.
1. When / television / invent?
2. Many different languages / speak / in India.
3. I / introduce / to the new director yesterday.
4. The theory / receive / in the past.
5. Hundreds of new houses / build / by the end of this year.
6. My car has disappeared (it / steal!).
7. Tom gets a higher salary now. He / promote/.
8. The police have found the people they were looking for. Two people / arrest / last night.9. Originally the book/write/in Spanish and a few years ago it / translate / into English.
Упражнение 2.
Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.
1. Two ventilators were purifying the air in the laboratory when we entered there.
2. The air in the laboratory was being purified by two ventilators when we entered there.
3. The researchers will be conducting the tests of new devices in the laboratory at 12 on Monday.
4. We expect that the rate of inflation will rise.
5. The rate of inflation is expected to rise.
Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect Continuous и четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.

I.
1. was planned
2. will plan
3. are being planned
4. has been planned
5. planned6. am planning
7. had planned
8. were planning
II.1. shall improve
2. had improved
3. shall have improved
4. was being improved
5. will have improved
6. improve7. has been improving
8. is improving
III.1. have been sent
2. are sending
3. sends4. will have sent
5. has sent
6. will have been sending
7. were sending
8. had been sending
IV.1. was consuming
2. have consumed
3. consumes4. was being consumed
5. is consumed
6. had been consumed
7. has been consuming
8. shall be consumed
Упражнение 4.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.
1. These phenomena must be distinguished carefully.
2. You needn't take all these measurements. We already know the volume of gas in this tube.
3. Every technical student is to study mathematics for some years.
4. The engineers will have to improve the accuracy of this machine-tool.
5. These machine-tools can produce parts with very high accuracy.
Упражнение 5.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. In case I ______ in time ask him to wait a little
A don’t come
B didn’t come
C won’t come
2. If I lost his telephone I ______ how to get here.
A didn’t know
B wouldn’t know
C hadn’t
3. Last year inflation was tremendous, and the price _____
A raised B rise C rose
4. Would you let me have a copy of your report as soon as you _____ it, please?
A finish B will finish
C will have finished
5) Over a thousand working days were _____ last year because of the earthquake.
A loose B lose C lost
Вариант№4.
Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.
THE LONDON ТО BRIGHTON CAR RALLY
An annual British tradition, which captures the imagination of the whole nation, is the London to Brighton Car Rally.
When the veteran cars set out on the London - Brighton run each November, they are celebrating one of the great landmarks in the history of motoring in Britain - the abolition of the rule that every "horseless carriage" had to be preceded along the road by a pedestrian. This extremely irksome restriction, imposed by the Locomotives on Highways Act, was withdrawn in 1896, and on November 14th of that year there was a rally of motor-cars on the London - Brighton highway to celebrate the first day of freedom -Emancipation Day, as it has been known by motorists ever since.
Emancipation is still celebrated on the Brighton road each November, usually on the first Sunday of the month, but nowadays there is an important condition of entry - every car taking part must be at least 60 years old. Hence the annual celebration has become known as the Veteran Car Run, and it provides the gayest motoring spectacle of the year and a wonderful opportunity to see these fine old cars taking the road in all the glory of immaculate paint and polish. Since 1930 the event has been organized by the Royal Automobile Club.
At down, on the first Sunday of November, some 250 beautifully preserved and rare specimens assemble by the Serpentine Lake in Hyde Park, London, in preparation for the start of the 53-mile journey.
At 8 o'clock comes the "Off and the nostalgic exhaust notes of late Victorian and Edwardian days sound among the trees in the park. One by one they move off down Constitution Hill, past Buckingham Palace, along the misty Mall and over Westminster Bridge. Through the southern suburbs they go out into the open countryside of Surrey and Sussex. The procession of old cars takes nearly an hour to pass a given point of Brighton's Madeira Drive.
The Run is not a race. Entrants are limited to a maximum average speed of 20 miles per hour. The great thing is not speed but quality of performance, and the dedicated enthusiasts have a conversation all their own.
Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.

1. These computers / make / in Korea.
2. Passengers / ask / not to speak to the driver.
3. Sorry about the noise - the road / mend /.
4. The village church / burn down / last year.
5. A Roman pavement / just find / under Oxford street.
6. How / make / glass?
7. This story / forget / by everybody a long time ago.
8. I / just offer / a very interesting job.
9. This play / much speak about / now.
10. Ann can't use her office at the moment. It / redecorate/.
Упражнение 2.
Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.
1. Our experiments will have been completed by the end of the week.
2. Many factors influenced the rate of reaction.
3. The rate of reaction was influenced by many factors.
4. We shall have completed our experiments by the end of the week.
5. Scientists have developed new generations of computers.
Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.
1
1. was measured
2. will measure
3. are being measured
4. has been measured
5. measured
6. am measuring
7. had measured
8. were measuring
11
1.shall develop
2. had developed
3. shall have been developed
4. was being developed
5. will have developed
6. develop7. has been developing
8. is developing
111
1. have been worked
2. are working
3. works4. will have worked
5. has worked
6. will have been working
7. were working
8. had been working
1V
1. was conducting
2. have conducted
3. conducts4. was being conducted
5. is conducted
6. had been conducted
7. has been conducting
8. shall be conducted
Упражнение 4.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемое с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.

1. The student ought to have been careful while working with this instrument. Now the instrument is broken.
2. I can translate this text without a dictionary.
3. - Did they find your house? - Yes, it took them a long time but they were able to find it.
4. This evidence must provide some new facts.
5. You will have to show the equation to your teacher.
Упражнение 5.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. I shall go there provided you ______ to accompany me.
A will consent
B consent
C have consented
2. If it rains the race _____
A will be postponed
B are postponed
C will postpone
3. Don’t worry! All your expenses______
A will pay
B had been paid
C are paying
4. There _____ no news today.
A are
B is
C have been
5. He is fond of _____ speeches in public.
A makes
B making
C doing
Вариант №5.
Переведите письменно текст на русский язык.
WARNING ТО DRIVERS: DON'T USE THE MOBILE WHEN MOBILE
The use of mobile phones while driving is severely criticised in the latest edition of the Highway Code. Evolution has failed to imbue human beings with the skill to perform both tasks simultaneously without risking an accident. We cannot be trusted even with hands-free telephone equipment since the brain work involved in nattering can leave too little concentration for driving.
It warns: "Never use a hand-held mobile phone or microphone when driving. Find a safe place to stop first".
ROAD RAGE
Along with Big Ben, red double-decker buses, and the pigeons that lived in Trafalgar Square until Ken Livingstone, the mayor of London, decided to banish them, the black cab is one of the most recognizable symbols of the capital. But London's cabbies are worried that a perverse regulation may drive them off the streets. The wrangle involves allegations of monopoly dealing, pits the claims of
safety against environmentalism, and highlights the perils of devolution. The regulation is not the brainchild of some crazed European bureaucrat, but an ancient domestic one.
London's first recorded cab journey took place in 1588. The requirement for cabbies to know the capital like the back of their hands - or, to give the rite its proper title, to "do the knowledge" - derives from the Great Exhibition of 1851, when there were widespread complaints about ignorant drivers. The first cab with an internal combustion engine hit London's streets in 1903.
The regulations issued by the Public Carriage Office (established in 1850, but now under the auspices of the mayor's Transport for London) state that cabs must be able to perform a u-turn in a space not more than 8,535m wide. Transport for London says that the rule ensures the necessary maneuverability, and guarantees that passengers can hail a cab from the wrong side of the road.
But critics say that other towns have modernized their regulations, and that the rule should go the same way as the requirement for Hackney carriages to carry a bale of hay.
London's cabbies must hope that the mayor has more affection for the black cab than he was shown to pigeons.
Упражнение 1.
Поставьте глагол в правильную форму в страдательном залоге.
1. Chinese / speak / in Singapore.
2. The Taj Mahal / build / around 1640.
3. The new hospital / open / next year.
4. She / interview / now.
5. I realized I / follow.
6. / You invite / to Andy Cindy's party?
7. He found that all his money / steal.
8. When / invent / the telephone?
9. You / suppose / to report it to the police as soon as possible.
10. All the pictures you see here / paint / by one artist.

Упражнение 2.
Выберите сказуемое в предложении, определите его время и залог.
1. We use polymers for different purposes.
2. Polymers are used for different purposes.
3. These shops (цеха) were built last year.
4. The machine-tool measures its production itself.
5. The part is measured with great accuracy.

Упражнение 3.
Найдите и назовите в первом ряду глаголы, относящиеся к группе Continuous, во втором - к группе Perfect, в третьем - к группе Perfect Continuous и в четвертом ряду - к группе Simple.
I.
1. was taken
2. will take
3. are being taken
4. has been taken
5. took6. am taking
7. had taken
8. were taking
II.1. shall enjoy
2. had enjoyed
3. shall have been enjoyed
4. was being enjoyed
5. will have enjoyed
6. enjoy7. has been enjoying
8. is enjoying
III.1. have been gone
2. are going
3. goes4. will have gone
5. has gone
6. will have been going
7. were going
8. had been going
IV.1. was helping
2. have helped
3. helps4. was been helped
5. is helped
6. had been helped
7. has been helping
8. shall be helped
Упражнение 4.
Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на сказуемые с модальным глаголом или с эквивалентом модального глагола.
1. This effect must have caused some change in the atomic structure.
2. He can continue his studies at the evening faculty.
3. You should try to find out all the essential facts connected with his experiments.
4. I couldn’t find the explanations of this fact anywhere.
5. Nobody was able to understand this mysterious phenomenon.
Упражнение 5.
Выберите правильный вариант и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. If we _____ a taxi we can save a lot of time.
A will take
B take C took2. If you _____ the letter a couple of days earlier he would have got it by his birthday
A posted B have posted
C had posted
3. The meeting is going to_____ next Tuesday.
A take on
B take place
C take part
4. ______ something strange in this situation.
A there is
B it is
C this is
5. I would like you to let me _____ the project myself.
A to finish
B finishing
C finish


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