ПЗ Old English Phonetics

Old English Phonetics

1. Account for the difference between the vowels in OE южt, eal and monn, all going back to PG words with [a] (cf Gt юata, manna, alls).
2. Account for the interchange of vowels in OE dж
·e - da
·as (NE day – Dat. sg and Nom. pl); bжр - baрian (NE bath, bathe).
3. Say which word in each pair of parallels is OE and which is Gt. Pay attention to the difference in the vowels:
rauюs – r
·ad (NE read); h
·m – haimis (NE home); beald – balюei (NE bold); barms – bearm (chest’); d
·af – daufs (NE deaf); triu – tr
·o (NE tree); l
·of – liufs (dear’, rel. to NE love); qiюan – cweрan (NE quoth say’).
In the same way classify the following words into OE and O Scand:
· - baugr (ring’), fбr – f
·r (NE fear); man or mon – maрr (Gt manna); dauюr – d
·aю (NE death); eall – allr (NE all); earm – armr (NE arm); harpa – hearpe (NE harp); faрir – fжder (NE father); fжst – fastr (NE fast).
4. Account for the difference between the root-vowels in OE and in parallels from other OG languages:
Gt langiza, OE lenra (NE longer); Gt marei, OHG meri, OE mere (NE obs. mere lake’); Gt sandian, OE sendan (NE send); Gt ubils, OE yfel (NE evil); Gt be-laibian, OE l
·fan (NE leave); Gt baugian, OE b
·an, b
·an (bend’); Gt fulljan, OE fyllan (NE fill); Gt Gt laisjan, OE l
·ran (teach’).
5. Which word in each pair could go back to an OE prototype with palatal mutation and which is more likely to have descended from the OE word retaining the original non-mutated vowel? Mind that the spelling may often point to the earlier pronunciation of the word: old – elder; strong – strength; goose – geese; man – men; full – fill; food – feed; brother – brethren; far – further.

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