12 phraseology

w-s & which must be learnt as a whole unit
Classification according to the parts of speech 1. noun-equivalent phraseological units: @ small talk –светская беседа, odds & ends-остатки; 2. verb equivalent @ to bit about the bush=to speak in the roundabout w
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·мозговой треск), Adj + N (easy buck-easy money), N+ subordinate clause (@ Ships that pass in the night-случайные знакомые)
Semantic classification (given by Vonogradov) motivation-the relations between the meaning of the components & the meaning of the whole: 1. phr. fusions (сращения)-non-motivated @ aby the skin of one’s teeth-with great efforts; 2. phr. [email protected] to clutch at a straw-to use all the opportunities; 3. phr. combinations-1 component in its different meaning, set combinations @ to f
·ly into a tempo=to become furious, to fall in love
Classification by Kounin-he included proverbs & sayings into his classification. Many idioms became as proverbs @ the last straw – последняя капля
Proverbs-phr units with completely or partially transferred meaning. Sm correlations with Vinogradov’s classification: 1. takes into account sem & functional phr units. Nominative phr units (names of objects, actions, qualities); 2. communicative phr units (proverbs & sayings-complete thought); 3. nominative-communicative phr units (verbs that can be transferred into passive) @ the ice is broken=to pass the Rubicon; 4. interjectional phr units @ A pretty cattle of fish!-хорошенькое дельце

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