Ekzam-var 3


Экзамен дек 2012
Теоретические вопросы
1. Describe the English Language according to the genealogical classification (Family, group, subgroup)
2. Give the periodisation of the History of English.
3. Describe the linguistic situation in Britain before and after the Germanic settlement.
4. Describe the events of external history which favoured the growth
5. First consonant shift as peculiar feature of Germanic Languages
6. Great Vowel Shift as peculiar feature of GermanicLanguages7. Describe linguistic features of Germanic Languages
8. Name the closest linguistic relation of English8. Name the closest linguistic relation of English
9. Compare the French and Scandinavian influence on the Middle English vocabulary (linguistic, geographical and social aspects; the number, nature and spheres of borrowings).
10. Name differences and similarities of the modern Germanic languages.
11. Name differences and similarities of the modern Germanic languages.
12. Explain the role of Greek borrowings in the modern English language
13. Give Am. and Br. ways of pronunciation for the following words: either, tomato, stupid
14. Explain from what point of view speech sounds can be analyzed
15. Explain physical properties of speech sounds
16. Explain the articulatory differences between vowels, consonants and sonorants in English
17. Give theoretical and practical proofs to explain constitutive, recognitive and distinctive functions of phonemes
18. Give examples of the most common stress patterns in English
19. Explain principle differences of syllable formation and syllable division in English, Kazakh and Russian
20. Describe the system of English phonemes.
21. Describe the syllabic structure of English words.
22. Describe the accentual structure of English words.
23. Describe the intonation structure of English sentences, phrases and texts.
24. Describe Southern English Pronunciation or RP
25. Describe General American English Pronunciation or GA
26. Describe modern Germanic Languages27. Describe North Germanic Languages
28. Describe West Germanic Languages29. The OE language is often called Anglo-Saxon. Why is this term not fully justified?
30. Characterize Proto-Germanic Language31. Describe the subject and aims of History of the English language as the science
32. Describe the general characteristics of Middle English
33. Characterize basic features of Neo-classical period
34. Characterize Late New English or Modern English: sound system,
35. Characterize the tendencies in the development of Present-day English
36. Characterize Old English Written Records
37. Comment on historical events that account for the influence of Latin on OE
38. Describe variants of present English
39. Characterize the subject and aims of Theoretical Phonetics
40. Characterize different types of word accent
41. Describe sounds which may form syllables in English
42. Characterize covered and uncovered syllables
43. Characterize syllables that are open and closed
44. Explain the rules that define syllable division in English
45. Characterize the main functions of the syllabic structure of English
46. Explain how British phoneticians define intonation
47. Characterize the components of intonation
48. Describe rising intonation
49. Describe falling intonation
50. Characterize the main functions of the syllabic structure of English
Типовые вопросы1. Determine the degree of aspiration in the following words "keep, time, pause"
2. Determine the types of syllables in the words "took, street, fact, price"
3. Determine types of word stress in the following words: transport, absent, report
4. Determine the function of the phrase Please be seated when pronounced with a rise of the pitch
5. Determine the function of the phrase Please be seated when pronounced with a falling pitch-pattern
6. Determine the function of the phrase Couldn’t you come sooner? when pronounced with a rise of the pitch
7. Determine the function of the phrase Couldn’t you come sooner? when pronounced with a fall of the pitch
8. Determine the function of the phrase 'All right' when pronounced with a rise of the pitch
9. Determine the function of the phrase All right when pronounced with a fall of the pitch
10. The word ‘tube’ is pronounced as [tub] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
11. The word ‘tune’ is pronounced as [tun] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
12. The word ‘stupid’ is pronounced as [stupid] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
13. The word ‘due’ is pronounced as [du] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
14. The word ‘during’ is pronounced as [duriŋ] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
15. The word ‘low’ is pronounced as [lo] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
16. The word ‘office’ is pronounced as [α:fis] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
17. The word ‘rock’ is pronounced as [rα:k] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialects
18. The word ‘hot’ is pronounced as [hα:t] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialect
19. The word ‘dance’ is pronounced as [dæns] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialect
20. The word ‘fast’ is pronounced as [fæst] in: a Cockney dialect, b RP, c AE, d Russian, e Northern dialect
21.. Explain the articulation of the / i:, e, u: / sounds from the viewpoint of the horizontal and vertical movements of the tongue.
22. Explain the articulatory differences between the / i: - i /, / u: - u /
22. Explain the articulation of / p, t, k / and / b, d, g / from the viewpoint of the work of the vocal cords and the force of exhalation
23. Give examples of combinatory allophones of the /r/ phoneme
24. Match the words below to obtain minimal pairs: Catch, pip, cheap, sap, he, jail, lap, pair, say, sink, ripfail, lass, Sam, mink, cap, tear, she, lay, heap, match cap, tear, she, lay, heap, match
25. Which of the given examples illustrate (a) high, mid, open and (b) front, mixed, back oppositions? Bead-bed-bad , deed-dead-dad, Cab-curb-cub, tan-turn-ton
26. What classificatory principle of vowels can be illustrated by the contrastive pairs given below? Bid-beard, Dead- dared, Pod- poured
27. Which of the given examples illustrate (a) high, mid, open and (b) front, mixed, back oppositions? Bad-bird-bud, hat-hurt-hut, Bead-bed-bad , deed-dead-dad,
28. What classificatory principle of vowels can be illustrated by the contrastive pairs given below? pooh-poor, ass-ice, manner-minor
29. What classificatory principle of vowels can be illustrated by the contrastive pairs given below? too-tour , ate-eight, letter-later
30. What classificatory principle of vowels can be illustrated by the contrastive pairs given below? at- out, ladder-lower, mass-mouse
31. Read these rhymes. State what sounds are used to produce the effect of alliteration and for what purpose: She sells sea-shells on the sea-shore; The shells sea sells are So if she sells sea-shells on the sea-shore, Then I’m sure she sells sea-shore shells.sea-shells, I’m sure.
32. Read these rhymes. State what sounds are used to produce the effect of alliteration Swan swam over the sea – Swim, swan, swim; Swan swam back again –Well swam swan.
33. Read the rhyme. Transcribe the words used to imitate the sounds made by different animals. Bow-wow, says the dog; Bow-wow, says the dog; Grunt, grunt, goes the hog; And the squeak goes the rat.
34. Read the rhyme. Transcribe the words used to imitate the sounds made by different animals. Tu-whu says the owl; Caw, caw, says the crow; Quack, quack, says the duck; And moo, says the cow.
35. Explain the origin of the following place-names: Sussex, Essex, Middlesex, Wessex36. Explain the origin of the following place-names: Northumberland, Wales, Cornwell
37. Explain the origin of the following place-names: Britain, Scotland, Great Britain
38.State the origin the following words considering their morphological structure: Thames, Stour, Dover
39. State the origin the following words considering their morphological structure: barricade, armada, cargo
40. State the origin the following words considering their morphological structure: tsar, sputnik, vodka
41. State the origin the following words considering their morphological structure: army, marriage, bourgeois
42. State the origin the following words considering their morphological structure: window, trust, skill
43. Explain the origin and meaning of week days (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday)Saturday, Sunday)
44. Put down the stress marks in the words below. Analyze the accentual structure of these words Centralization, modification, composition, nationalization, organization, anticipation
45. Put down the stress marks in the words below. Analyze the accentual structure of these words intersession, overbalance, justification, hospitality, satisfactory, hospitality, satisfactory.
46. Put down the stress marks in the words below. Analyze the accentual structure of these words impossibility, idiomatic, idiomatic, administration, distribution
47. Mark the accentual elements of these words according to Gimson’s theory accentual patterns. 2-syllable words: female, window, profile, over, cotton, table
48. Put down the stress marks in the words below. Analyze the accentual structure of these words fundamental, characteristic, unaccountable, sentimentality
49. Mark the accentual elements of these words according to Gimson’s theory accentual patterns. 3-syllable words: important, relation, appetite, photograph, telephone
Прагмо-прфессиональные вопросы
1. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - Dæβ, O Scand - dag, OHG - tag, O Icel - dagr, Gt - dags2. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - stān, O Scand - sten, OHG - stein, O Icel - steinn, Gt -stains
3. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - fisc, O Scand - fisk, OHG - fisc, O Icel - fisc, Gt - fisks4. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - giest, O Scand - gast, OHG - gast, O Icel - gestr, Gt - gasts5. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - sunu, O Scand - sunu, OHG - sunu, O Icel - sunr, Gt - sunus6. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - word, O Scand - word, OHG - wort, O Icel - огð, Gt - waurd7. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - scip, O Scand - skip, OHG - scif, O Icel - skip, Gt - skip
8. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - win, O Scand - win, OHG - win, O Icel - vln, Gt - wein9. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - mid, O Scand - middi, OHG - mitti, O Icel - miðr, Gt - midjis10. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - eal(l), O Scand - al, OHG - al, O Icel - allr, Gt - alls
11. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - ic, O Scand - ik, OHG - ih, O Icel - ek, Gt - ik12. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - an, O Scand - en, OHG - ein, O Icel - einn, Gt - ains13. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - beran, O Scand - beran, OHG - beran, O Icel - bera, Gt - bairan14. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - helpan, O Scand - helpan, OHG - helfan, O Icel - hialpa, Gt - hilpan15. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - heofon, O Scand - heban, OHG - himil, O Icel - himminn, Gt - himins16. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - drincan, O Scand - erda, OHG - erda, O Icel - iorð, Gt - airpa17. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - cwene, O Scand - quena, OHG - quena, O Icel - kona, Gt - qino18. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - wseter, O Scand - watar, OHG - waβar, O Icel - vatn, Gt - wato19. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - twelf, O Scand - twelif, OHG - zwelif, O Icel - tolf, Gt - twalif20. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - cuman, O Scand - cumin, OHG - coman, O Icel - kоmа, Gt - quiman21. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - rēad, O Scand - rod, OHG - rot, O Icel - rauðr22. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - hūs, OHG - hûs, O Icel - hús, Gt - hus23. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - drincan,OHG - trinkan, O Icel - drekka, Gt - drigkan24. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - sǽ, OHG - sēo, O Icel - sǽr, Gt - saiws25. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - land, OHG - lant, O Icel - land
26. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - wisdōm, OHG - wistuom, O Icel - visdomr, Gt - -
26. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - fēondscipe, OHG - -, O Icel - fiandscaft, Gt - fjandskapr26. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - iren, O Icel - isarn, Gt - eisarn27. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - mid, O Scand - middi, OHG - mitti, O Icel - miðr, Gt - midjis28. Compare the words from Old Germanic Languages and give their equivalents ап in Modern English (OE – Old English, O Scand – Old Scandinavian, OHG – Old High German, O Icel – Old Icelandic, Gt - Gothic) OE - strǽt, O Scand - strata, OHG - strâza

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