Stylistic devices of phono-graphical level:
I. Indicate the causes and effects of the following cases of alliteration, assonance and onomatopoeia:
1. Streaked by a quarter moon, the Mideterranean shuched gently into the beach.
2. He swallowed the hint with a gulp and gasp and a grin.
3. His wife was shrill, languid, handsome and horrible.
4. The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew.
The furrow followed free.
5. The Italian trio tut-tutted their tongues at me.
6. You, lean, long, lanky lath of a lousy bastard!
7. To sit in solemn silence in a dull dark dock,
In a pestilential prison, with a life-long lock,
Awaiting the sensation of a short, sharp shock
From a cheap and chippy chopper on a big black block.
8. They all lounged, and loitered, and slunk about, with as little spirit or purpose as the beasts in a menagerie.
9. Then, with an enormous, shattering rumble, sludge-puff, sludge-puff, the train came into the station.
10. “Sh-sh”. “But I am whispering”. This continual shuching annoyed him.
11. Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are.
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.
12. The quick crackling of dry wood aflame cut through the night.
13. Here the rain didn’t fall. It was high above by that roof of green shingles. From there it dripped sown slowly, leaf to leaf, or ran sown the stems and branches. Despite the heaviness of the downpour which now purred loudly in their ears from just outside, here there was only a low rustle of slow occasional dripping.
II. Indicate the kind of additional information about the speaker supplied by graphon:
1. “Hey,” he said, entering the library. “Where’s the heart section?”
He had the thickest sort of southern Negro dialect and the only word that came clear to me was the one that sounded like heart.
“How did you spell it?”, I said.
“Heart, Man, pictures. Drawing books. Where you got them?”.
“You mean art books? Reproductions?”. “He took my polysyllabic word for it”.
“Yea, they’s them”.
2. “It don’t take no nerve to do somepin when there ain’t nothing else you can do. We ain’t gonnna die out. People is goin’ on – changin’ a little may be – but goin’ right on”.
3. “And remember, Mon-sewer O’Hayer says you got to straighten up this mess sometime today”.
4. “I even heard they demanded sexual liberty. Yes, sir, Sex-You-All liberty”.
5. “Ye’ve a duty to the public, don’tcher know that, a duty to the great English public?” said George reproachfully.
“Here, lemme handle this, kidder,” said Tiger.
“Gorra maintain strength, you”, said George.
“Ah’m fightin’ fit”, said Tiger.
6. “Oh, that’s it, is it?” said Sam. “I was afeerd, from his manner, that he might ha’ forgotten to take pepper with that ‘ere last cowcumber he et. Set down, sir, ve make no extra charge for the settin’ down, as the king remarked when he blowed up his ministers”.
7. “Well, I dunno. I’ll show you summat”.
8. “De old Foolosophher, like Hickey calls yuh, ain’t yuh?”
9. “I had a coach with a little seat in fwont with an iwon wail for the dwiver”.
10. “The Count,” explained the German officer, “expegs you chentlemen at eight-dirty”.
11. Said Kipps one day, “As’e – I should say, ah, has’e…. Ye know, I got a lot of difficulty with them two words, which is which”.
“Well, ‘as’ is a conjunction, and ‘has’ is a verb”.
“I know,” said Kipps, “but when is ‘has’ a conjunction, and when is ‘as’ a verb?”
12. Wilson was a little hurt. “Listen, boy,” he told him. “Ah may not be able to read eve’thin’ so good, but they ain’t a thing Ah can’t do if Ah set hah mind to it”.
III. Think of the causes originating graphon (young age, a physical defect of speech, lack of education, dialect peculiarities, affectation, intoxication, carelessness of speech):
1. He began to render the famous tune “I lost my heart in an English garden, Just where the roses of England grow”, with much feeling:
“Ah-ee” last mah-ee hawrt een ahn Angleesh gawrden, Jost whahr thah rawzaz ahv
2. She mimicked a lisp: “I don’t weally know wevver I’m a good girl. The last thing he’ll do would be to be mixed with a howwid woman”.
3. “All the village dogs are no’-count mongrels, Papa says. Fish-gut eaters and no class a-tall; this here dog, he got insteek”.
4. “My daddy’s coming tomorrow on a nairplane”.
5. After a hum a beautiful Negress sings “Without a song, a dahay would nehever end”.
6. “Oh, well, then, you just trot over to the table and make your little mommy a gweat big dwink”.
7. “I allus remember me man sayin’ to me when I passed ne scholarship – ‘You break one o’my winders an’ I’ll skin ye alive”.
8. He spoke with the flat ugly “a” and withered “r” of Boston Irish, and Levi looked up at him and mimicked “All right, I’ll give the caards a break and staat playing”.
9. “Whereja get all these pictures?” he said. “Meetcha at the corner. Wuddaya think she’s doing out there?”
10. “Lookat him go. D’javer see him walk home from school? You’re French Canadian, aintcha?”.
IY. State the functions of graphon in the following cases:
1. Weather forecast for today: Hi 59, Lo 32, Wind lite.
2. We recommend a Sixty-seconds meal-Steak-Umm.
3. Choose the plane with “Finah Than Dinah” on its side.
4. Best jeans for this Jeaneration.
5. Follow our advice: Drinka Pinta Milka Day.
6. Terry’s Floor Fashions” We make ‘em – you walk on ‘em.
7. Our offer is $ 15.00 per W.K.
8. Thanx for the purchase.
9. Ev’ybody uses our wunnerful Rackfeed Drills.
10. Kiddies and grown-ups too-oo-oo We haven’t enough to do-oo-oo.
11. “When Will’s ma was down here keeping house for him – she used to run in to see me, real
12. He missed out father very much. He was s-l-a-i-n in North Africa.
13. “We’ll teach the children to look at things. Don’t let the world pass you by, I shall tell them. For the sun, I shall say, open your eyes for the laaaarge sun…..”.
14. “Now listen, Ed, stop that, now. I’m desperate. I am desperate, Ed, do you hear?”.
15. “Adieu you, old man, grey. I pity you, and I de-spise you”.
16. “ALL our troubles are over, old girl”, he said fondly. “We can put a bit by now for a rainy day”.
Stylistic devices of lexical level:
I. Find metaphor in the following sentences, explain the co-relation of two meanings:
1. The land shouted with grass.
2. She gave him a beaming smile: “Leave me alone!”
3. England has two eyes, Oxford and Cambridge.
4. Wisdom has reference only to the past. The future remains forever an infinite field for mistakes. You can't know beforehand.
5. He felt the first watery eggs of sweat moistening the palms of his hands.
6. At the last moment before the windy collapse of the day, I myself took the road down.
7. Leaving Daniel to his fate, she was conscious of joy springing in her heart.
8. He smelled the ever-beautiful smell of coffee imprisoned in the can.
9. He smelled the ever-beautiful smell of coffee imprisoned in the can.
10. They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling, unable to communicate.
11. She and the kids have filled his sister's house and their welcome is wearing thinner and thinner.
12. I am the New year. I am an unspoiled page in your book of time. I am your next chance at the art of living. I am your opportunity to practice what you have learned during the last twelve months about life. All that you sought the past year and failed to find is hidden in me; I am waiting for you to search it out again and with more determination. All the good that you tried to do for others and didn't achieve last year is mine to grant - providing you have fewer selfish and conflicting desires.
13. He had hoped that Sally would laugh at this, and she did, and in a sudden mutual gush they cashed into the silver of laughter all the sad" secrets they could find in their pockets.
14. Autumn comes
And trees are shedding their leaves,
And Mother Nature blushes
Before disrobing.15. The snow stretching without break from streets to devouring prairie beyond, wiped out the town’s pretence of being a shelter. The houses were black specks on a white sheet.
16. And the skirts! What a sight were those skirts! They were nothing but vast decorated pyramids.
II. Find metonymy and translate the sentences, explain its essence in each case:
1. He went about her room, after his introduction, looking at her pictures, her bronzes and clays, asking after the creator of this, the painter of that, where a third thing came from.
2. She wanted to have a lot of children, and she was glad that things were that way, that the Church approved. Then the little girl died. Nancy broke with Rome the day her baby died. It was a secret break, but no Catholic breaks with Rome casually.
3. "Evelyn Glasgow, get up out of that chair this minute." The girl looked up from her book. "What's the matter?"
"Your satin. The skirt will be a mass of wrinkles in the back."
4. Except for a lack of youth, the guests had no common theme, they seemed strangers among strangers; indeed, each face, on entering, had straggled to conceal dismay at seeing others there.
5. She saw around her, clustered about the white tables, multitudes of violently red lips, powdered cheeks, cold, hard eyes, self-possessed arrogant faces, and insolent bosoms.
6. The man looked a rather old forty-five, for he was already going grey. (K. P.)
7. The delicatessen owner was a spry and jolly fifty. (T. R.)
8. "Some remarkable pictures in this room, gentlemen. A Holbein, two Van Dycks and if I am not mistaken, a Velasquez. I am interested in pictures."
9. You have nobody to blame but yourself. The saddest words of tongue or pen.10. There you are at your tricks again. The rest of them do earn their bread; you live on my charity.
11. He made his way through the perfume and conversation.
12. “It was easier to assume a character without having to tell too many lies and you brought a fresh eye and mind into the job”.
13. I crossed a high toll bridge and negotiated to no-man’s land and came to the place where the Stars and Stripes stood shoulder to shoulder with the Union Jack.
III. Find epithets in the sentences. Discuss their structure and semantics; define their function in the following sentences. Translate the sentences:
1. He's a proud, haughty, consequential, turned-nosed peacock.
2. Harrison - a fine, muscular, sun-bronzed, gentle-eyed, patrician-nosed, steak-fed, Oilman-Schooled, soft-spoken, well-tailored aristocrat was an out-and-out leaflet-writing revolutionary at the time.
3. In the cold, gray, street-washing, milk-delivering, shutters-coming-off-the-shops early morning, the midnight train from Paris arrived in Strasbourg.
4. She was a faded white rabbit of a woman.
5. Ten-thirty is a dark hour in a town where respectable doors are locked at nine.
6. He loved after swim salt-and-sunshine smell of her hair.
7. A branch, cracking under his weight sent through the tree a sad cruel thunder.
8. He has that unmistakable tall lanky "rangy" loose-jointed graceful closecropped formidably clean American look.
9. Across the ditch Doll was having an entirely different reaction. With all his heart and soul, furiously, jealously, vindictively, he was hoping Queen would not win.
10. During the past few weeks she had become most sharply conscious of the smiling interest of Hauptwanger. His straight lithe body - his quick, aggressive manner - his assertive, seeking eyes.
11. Where the devil was heaven? Was it up? Down? There was no up or down in a finite but expanding universe in which even the vast, burning, dazzling, majestic sun was in a state of progressive decay that would eventually destroy the earth too. (Js.H.)12. And she still has that look, that don't-you-touch-me look, that women who-were beautiful carry with them to the grave.
13. "Thief!" Pilon shouted. "Dirty pig of an untrue friend!" (J.St.)14. Her painful shoes slipped off at last.
15. He disliked this never-far-from-tragic look of that actor.
16. He acknowledged an early-afternoon customer with a be-with-you-in-a-minute nod.
17. His shriveled head bobbed like a dried pot on his frail stick of a body.
18. He sat with Daisy in his arms for a long silent time.
19. From the Splendid Hotel guests and servants were pouring in chattering bright streams.