USEFUL PHRASES FOR SUMMARY WRITING


USEFUL PHRASES FOR SUMMARY WRITING
The text (article) under the title «__» is concerned with/deals with/tells about/is about … .
At the beginning of the text the author describes/dwells on/explains/ points out/characterizes/enumerates/ stresses/underlines… .  
The article begins with the description of/the analysis of/ the review of/the characterization of/ the author’s opinion of … .
Then (after that, next) the author passes on to/goes on to say about/gives a detailed analysis (description) of … .
In addition (besides, moreover, further) … .
In conclusion (at the end of the article) the author underlines/criticizes/draws the conclusion that … .
The article ends with the analysis of … . In short/to sum it up … .Here are more reporting verbs: 
The text
(story, article, poem, excerpt…) • is about…
• deals with…
• presents…
• describes…
In the text
(story, article, poem, excerpt…) • the reader gets to know…
• the reader is confronted with…
• the reader is told about…
The author
(the narrator) • says, states, points out that…
• claims, believes, thinks that…
• describes, explains, makes clear that…
• uses examples to confirm/prove that…
• agrees/disagrees with the view/thesis…
• contradicts the view
• criticises/analyses/ comments on…
• tries to express…
• argues that…
• suggests that…
• compares X to Y…
• emphasizes his thesis by saying that…
• doubts that…
• tries to convince the readers that…
• concludes that…
 
 
About the structure of a text:
 
• The texts consists of…./may be divided into…
• The introduction goes as far as line…/ In the first paragraph/exposition the author introduces…
• In the second part of the text/ paragraph/ stanza the author describes…
• Another example can be found in line…
• As a result…
• The climax/turning point is reached when…
• To sum up/ to conclude…
• In the conclusion, starting from line…, the author sums up the main ideas/ thesis…
• In his last remark/ with his last remark/statement the author concludes that…

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