UNIT 14 Present perfect


UNIT 14

present perfect
LAND OF SMILES - tHAILANDI. LISTENING AND READING
Listen to the text
Read and translate the texts
LAND OF SMILES - THAILAND

“Addictive!” This is how most visitors describe Thailand. After your first visit, you just have to go back again. Today we are speaking with Margaret who came here with her boyfriend Eric on holiday and never went home.
Margaret, a writer: I come from the UK but I am living in Thailand at the moment. My boyfriend and I only came here for a holiday but we liked it so much that we stayed. We rented a house in the south of Thailand. I think Thailand is a perfect place to live – it’s cheap, hot, and inspiring.
We’ve been here for a year and I’ve written two novels so far. Eric is happy here too. He’s had lots of free time since we moved. He’s already done a scuba diving course and a cookery course! We both love Thai food so I think it’s a good idea. He has recently started his own business – a small restaurant on the beach. But he isn’t working there right now because he has gone trekking in the jungle with his friends.
People often ask me what I like most about living in Thailand. Well, apart from the weather, the food and the
relaxed lifestyle, I like the fact that it is close to other interesting places. We’ve been to Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Bali and Malaysia. We have seen the Marble Mountains and the caves of Ha Long Bay in Vietnam. We have walked along white sandy beaches and we have done snorkeling around Bamboo Island in Cambodia. We have seen a lot of exotic fish. We have also visited a great number of Buddist temples. They have made a great impression on us. I can’t imagine my life without Thailand.
PROPER NAMES
Margaret [mɑ:rgərɪt] Маргарет
Eric [erɪk] Эрик
Vietnam [viet'næm] Вьетнам
Laos ['leɪɔs] Лаос
Cambodia [kæm'bəudɪə] Камбоджа
Bali ['bɑːlɪ] БалиMalaysia [mə'leɪʒə] Малайзия
Thailand ['taɪlænd] ТайландBamboo Island [bæm'buː'aɪlənd ] Бамбуковый остров
Ha Long Bay – [ha: lɔŋ beɪ] Бухта ХалонгThe Marble Mountains– ['mɑ:bl 'mauntɪnz] Мраморные горы
II. VOCABULARY
addictive [ə'dɪktɪv]
This place is very addictive притягательный
Это место очень притягательное.
describe [dɪ'skraɪb]
to describe in detail
to describe accurately
This is how most visitors describe Thailand.
описывать, рассказывать,
подробно описывать
описывать точно
Именно так большинство посетителей описывают Тайланд.
to rent [rent]
I rented a house in the south of Thailand. арендовать
Я сняла домик на юге Тайланда.
inspiring [ɪn'spaɪərɪŋ]
Thailand is a perfect place to live. It is inspiring. вдохновляющий
Тайланд - идеальное место для жизни. Он вдохновляет.
scuba diving дайвингcookery course ['kukərɪ]
He’s already done a cookery course.
кулинарные курсы
Он уже закончил кулинарные курсы.
to start business ['bɪznɪs]
He has recently started his own business – a small restaurant on the beach. начать бизнес
Он недавно начал свой бизнес – маленький ресторанчик на пляже.
jungle ['ʤʌŋgl]
He has gone trekking in the jungle with his friends. джунгли
Он уехал на трекинг в джунгли с друзьями.
apart from
Apart from the weather, I like the fact that it is close to other interesting places. кроме, помимо
Кроме погоды, мне нравится, что Тайланд расположен рядом с другими интересными местами.
exotic fish  [ɪg'zɔtɪk fɪʃ]
We have seen a lot of exotic fish. экзотические рыбы
Мы видели много экзотических рыб.
to go snorkeling ['snɔːkəlɪŋ]
We have gone snorkeling. плавать с маской и трубкой
Мы плавали с маской и трубкой.
a temple ['templ]
We have also visited a great number of Buddist temples. храм
Мы также посетили много Буддистских храмов.
III. COMPREHENSION CHECK
1. Answer the questions:
1. How do most visitors describe Thailand?
2. Where does Margaret come from?
2.Where is she living now?
3. Why did they stay in Thailand?
5. How long have they been here?
6. How many novels has Margaret written?
7. Why is Thailand a perfect place to live?
8. What has Eric already done?
9. What business has he recently started?
10. Where is Eric now?
11. What question do people often ask Margaret?
12. How does she answer the question?
13. What other interesting places have they visited?
14. What have they seen?
EXERCISES
1. Fill in since or for
1 for six months5 ………… last week
2 …………. June 6 ………….. a month
3 ………….. two weeks 7 …………… yesterday
4 …………… three years8 ……………. 1977.
2. Fill in since or for
Example: Tom and I have known each other ….for ……six months.
1. It’s been raining ………………… I got up this morning.
2. Tom’s father has been a policeman ………… 20 years.
3. Have you been learning English ………….. a long time?
4. ………………. Christmas, the weather has been quite mild.
5. Ann has been on holiday …………………. three days.
6. That’s a very old car. I’ve had it …………. ages.
7. She hasn’t washed the dishes……………………….a week.
8. She hasn’t washed the dishes……………………….Monday.
9. She hasn’t vacuumed the floors …………………… a month.
10. She hasn’t polished the furniture……………………. March.
11. She hasn’t changed the beds ……………………….. two weeks.
12. She hasn’t dusted the bookshelves …………………. Tuesday.
13. She hasn’t washed the windows ………………………….May.
14. She hasn’t cleaned the oven ………………………….two months.
15. She hasn’t defrosted the refrigerator …………………. last summer.
16. She hasn’t waxed the kitchen floor …………………… three months.
17. She hasn’t watered the plants …………………………..a week.
18. She hasn’t cleaned the bathroom ……………………….Saturday.
19. She hasn’t taken out the trash ………………………… yesterday.
20. She hasn’t paid the bills ………………………………..two months.
21. She hasn’t polished the silver………………………… last week.
3. Read a sentence and then write another sentence with since or for.
Example: I know Bob. (for five years) I have known Bob for five years.
1. Jack lives in Bolton (since he was born) Jack ………………………………………………………………
2. Bill is unemployed (since April) Bill ……………………
………………………………………………………………
3. Ann has a bad cold. (for the last few days) ………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. I want to go to the moon. (since I was a child) …………………………………...
……………………………………………………………………………………….
5. Tim and Jane are working in Sheffield. (since February)………………………...
……………………………………………………………………………………….
6. My cousin is in the army. (since he was 17) ……………………………………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
7. The last time Bill washed the windows was in the summer. ( since summer) …..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
8. The last time Bill took out the trash was Thursday. (since Thursday)…………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
9. The last time Roy and Becky cleaned their rooms was two days ago. (for two days)…………………………………………………………………………………
10. The last time Becky fed the dog was yesterday. (since yesterday)……………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
11. The last time Myra washed the clothes was four days ago. (for two days) ……………………………………………………………………………………….
12. The last time Myra ironed the clothes was Wednesday. (since Wednesday) …..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
13. The last time Roy and Becky did the dishes was yesterday. (since yesterday) …
……………………………………………………………………………………….
14. The last time Roy watered the plants was Thursday. (since Thursday) ………..
……………………………………………………………………………………….
15. The last time Myra wrote a letter was two weeks ago. (for two weeks)………...
……………………………………………………………………………………….
4. In pairs, ask an answer questions as in the example
A: How long has Jenny lived here?
B: She has lived here for three years.
1. Jenny / live here / three years……………………………
2. Kim / be / a teacher / 1995. ………………………………………….
3. They / work / here / six months. ……………………………………..
4. Peter / know / them / last year. ……………………………………….
5. Rob / be / ill / Tuesday. ……………………………………………
5. Make questions with how many times.
1. Myra washes the clothes. (this week)……………………………………………..
2. Becky feeds the dog. (today)……………………………………………………...
3. Roy and Becky clean their room. (this week) ……………………………………
4. Myra cooks dinner. (this week) …………………………………………………..
5. Roy washes the car. (this month)…………………………………………………
6. Roy and Becky clean the bathroom. (this week)………………………………….
7. Bill takes out the trash. (this week)……………………………………………….
8. Myra irons the clothes. (this month)………………………………………………
9. Myra and Becky change the beds. (this month)…………………………………..
10. Becky dusts the living room. (this week)………………………………………..
6. Complete the sentences, using been in or been to. Mind the difference between been in и been to.
I have been to Australia. Я побывал в Австралии ( но в данный момент меня там нет).
I have been in Australia for two weeks. Я в Австралии две недели (Я приехал и до сих пор нахожусь там).
1) Gina: Hello Paul. Are you enjoying yourself in Rome?
Paul: Oh, yes.
Gina: Which places 1) have you been .......... since you arrived?
Paul: Well, I 2) have been …….Rome for two weeks now so I 3) have been
……..a lot of places, like the Colosseum, some museums and the Vatican.
4 I have never been …….. Austria, but I would love to go.
5) He ……… hospital for a week.
6) I……………. Laos. I have just returned.
7) He has been………Capri before.
8) My friend has been…… Africa already.
7. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.
А 1. Я знаю этого человека уже 10 лет. 2. Я нахожусь здесь уже 2 часа. 3. В этом году мы были в Тайланде. 4. Ты видел Петра сегодня? – Да. 5. На этой неделе я звонил ему несколько раз. 6. сегодня я получил письмо от брата. 7. В этом году моя сестра закончила школу. 8. Ты был в театре на этой неделе? – Нет, не был. 9. Сегодня он уехал в Киев. 10. Сегодня я отправила две телеграммы. 11. Вы были за городом на этой неделе? 12. На этой неделе мы закончили работу. 13. Мы в Камбодже уже 3 недели. 14. Она не поливает цветы уже целую неделю.
В. 1. Мы в Тайланде уже год. 2. У моего друга появилось много свободного времени с тех пор как мы сюда переехали. 3. Боб уже закончил кулинарные курсы. 4. Недавно он открыл небольшой ресторанчик на пляже. 5. Сейчас его здесь нет. Он уехал в джунгли на трекинг с друзьями. 6. Мы были во Вьетнаме, Лаосе и Камбоджи. 7. Мы видели Мраморные горы и посещали пещеры в бухте Халонг. 8. Мы гуляли по песчаным пляжам и ныряли с трубкой в Камбодже. 9. Мы видели много экзотических рыб.
8. Tell your groupmate what you have done or have not yet done this week.


9. Tell your groupmate what countries have you visited.

English for fun

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